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The Center for Native Grasslands Management

Title: Using supplemental food and its influence on survival of northern bobwhite (Colinus virginianus)
Year: 1999
Author(s): Townsend, D. E., Lochmiller, R. L., DeMaso, S. J., Leslie, Jr., D. M., Peoples, A. D., Cox, S. A., Parry, E. S.
Source Title: Wildlife Society Bulletin
Source Type: Journal
pages: 1074-1081
Original Publication: http://  
Abstract: Biologists have debated the effectiveness of supplemental feeders as a management tool for the northern bobwhite (Colinus virginianus), but few extensive evaluations have been conducted. We examined 783 crops from harvested bobwhites during 1992-1996 to determine effects of climatic stress in winter on use of supplemental feeders and their impact on survival rate in winter. Crops of bobwhites harvested from areas with supplemental feeders contained 28.2% supplemental food compared with 5.5% (P