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The Center for Native Grasslands Management

Title: Responses of birds, rodents, and vegetation to livestock exclosure in a semidesert grassland site
Year: 1984
Author(s): Bock, C. E., Bock, J. H., Kenney, W. R., Hawthorne, V. M.
Source Title: Journal of Range Management
Source Type: Journal
pages: 239-242
Original Publication: http://  
Abstract: Livestock have been excluded from a 3,160-ha range in southeastern Arizona since 1968. Compared to an adjacent continuously grazed area, in 1981-82 a protected upland site supported 45% more grass cover, a comparatively heterogeneous grass community, and 4 times as many shrubs. Grama grasses (Bouteloua spp.) were equally common in and outside the exclosure, while a variety of others pecies, especially plains lovegrass (Eragrostisin termedia) and Arizona cottontop (Trichachne californicum) were much more abundant on the protected site. The grazed area supported significantly higher numbers of birds in summer, while densities did not differ in winter. Rodents were significantly more abundant inside the protected area. Species of birds and rodents more common in the grazed area included those typical of more xeric lowland habitats and those preferring open ground for feeding. Species more common on the protected site were those which characterize semidesert or plains grasslands, and which prefer substantial grass or shrub cover. Grazing appeared to favor birds as a class over rodents.