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The Center for Native Grasslands Management

Title: Shortleaf pine-bluestem restoration on the Ouachita National Forest: A case study in the ecosystem recovery through active management
Year: 2010
Author(s): Guldin, J., Hedrick, L., Montague, W.
Source Title:
Source Type: Proceedings
pages: 71
Original Publication:  
Abstract: Shortleaf pine (Pinus echinata) is the only naturally occurring pine distributed throughout the Ozark-Ouachita Highlands. It dominated south-facing slopes in the Ouachita Mountains and occurred further north in the Ozark Mountains as isolated pure stands or as an important component in mixed stands. Until about 1930, open stands of shortleaf pine with bluestem grasses in the understory were prominent in the Interior Highlands. However, following the logging of the original stands and 6 decades of effective fire exclusion, these woodland communities with their unique flora and fauna have all but disappeared. Guided by concerns about habitat for the red-cockaded woodpecker, federal land managers have developed silvicultural tools and tactics to restore shortleaf pine-bluestem communities using timber sales, woody midstory removal, prescribed burning, cavity management, and research support in a management program that has become a showplace not just for recovery of an endangered species, but also for an entire ecosystem at ecologically significant scales across the landscape of the western Ouachita Mountains.
Publisher: Proceedings of the Seventh Eastern Native Grass Symposium. Knoxville, TN, October 5-8, 2010
Editor(s): C. Harper