Skip to Main Content

The Center for Native Grasslands Management

Title: Management and research of longleaf pine-wiregrass communities on St. Marks National Wildlife Refuge, Florida, 1941-2002
Year: 2002
Author(s): Reinman, J. P.
Source Title: Proceedings of the Third Eastern Native Grass Symposium
Source Type: Proceedings
pages: 23-29
Original Publication:  
Abstract: St. Marks National Wildlife Refuge has actively managed longleaf pine-wiregrass forests and savannas by prescribed fire and overstory manipulation since 1941. This management has evolved over time from dormant-season prescribed fires and even-aged pine management to prescribed fires throughout the year and multi-aged management. Research of these management activities has been ongoing since the late 1970s. Season of fire study plots were established in 1980 in conjunction with Tall Timbers Research Station and continue to be managed and evaluated. Fire research has documented longleaf pine and groundcover responses, as well as overstory and midstory oak declines as a result of a shift from dormant-season to growing-season fires. Research has also examined groundcover responses to mechanical site-preparation techniques, wiregrass regeneration and restoration, and methods of restoring longleaf pine overstories and groundcover in slash pine plantations. Studies of wildlife associated with longleaf pine-wiregrass communities have included nongame wildlife, red-cockaded woodpeckers, gopher tortoises, indigo snakes, breeding birds, flatwoods salamanders, and other amphibians. The selection of the refuge as a Land Management Research and Demonstration Refuge will increase the emphasis on longleaf pine-related research and outreach to advance innovative management of this important southern wildlife habitat.
Publisher: The North Carolina Botanical Garden, Chapel Hill, NC, October 1-3, 2002. Omnipress, Madison, WI
Editor(s): J. Randall