||First described in 1788, our native "cane" has over the years had no fewer than 23 different names. It has been both over and under studies and there are many misconceptions. The potential benefits of restoring cane include its historical uses and applications, remediation of abused ecologies, and as yet not fully explored "high tech" avenues. The ’problems’ include identifying appropriate and/or elite ecotypes, nursery production, and establishment/management. These will be addressed briefly. I am an ethnobotanist and operator of Bamboo specialized nursery and will share the results of 23 years of field study, literature search, and experiment in a multi-faceted overview. Some original conclusions will be presented. History, lore, known attributes, potential applications and current problems will be discussed.