||Dramatic losses of grassland habitat in the eastern United States have been implicated in the population declines of many birds. In the Piedmont region of eastern US, much of the remaining grassland habitat exists in the form of small, fragmented patches, which have been demonstrated to be unsuitable for many "area sensitive" species. Consequently, grassland bird conservation plans indicate the management efforts should be directed towards the maintenance of large continuous habitat patches. In North Carolina, a grassland expansion project is being conducted at a county nature reserve. This preserve currently contains several small (<12 ha), closely spaced fields, separated by an isolated patch of forest. This expansion will serve as a refuge for grassland with greater interior area, and reduced edge density. This expansion will serve as a refuge for grassland bird species, and it is predicted that both species richness and nesting success will be improved as a result of the expansion. Two years prior to the onset of the conversion, an avian monitoring study was initiated to document the songbird species composition and breeding success on the site. while this report presents only the initial (pretreatment) results, the study is ongoing with the ultimate goal of measuring the long-term effects of the expansion on the avian community.