Skip to Main Content

The Center for Native Grasslands Management

Title: Potential native grasses and forbs for the Southern Appalachians
Year: 2002
Author(s): Kauffman, G.
Source Title: Proceedings of the Third Eastern Native Grass Symposium
Source Type: Proceedings
pages: 167
Original Publication:  
Abstract: A 4-year study to identify appropriate native plant mixes for use on federal lands along the Blue Ridge Parkway was initiated in 1998 with money provided by the National Biological Survey. short-term objectives for this study was to identify potential native plant species for quick establishment, collect local ecotypes of these species and experimentally study them at different sites along the Blue Ridge Parkway and the National Forests in North Carolina. Twenty-one grasses, three sedges, one rush, and forty-five forbs were gathered in 1998. The collected grasses and forbs were established within increase beds at three seperate locations varying in elevation from 2200 to 5500 feet. These increase beds provided germplasm for additional establishment trails. Species were evaluated as to their suitability for establishment within recently disturbed soil. After three years of establishment the evaluated species has been reduced to the hardiest species, having survived three successive droughts. The successes included 2 cool season grasses, 4 warm season grasses, and 21 forbs. A series of potential grass/forb species list were developed based on different height classes and by elevation gradients. Weed control presented problems without application of a preemergent herbicide or detailed long term soil preparation prior to sowing. One alternative weed suppression method was developed with the use of Coreopsis pubescens and rudbeckia triloba, two forbs that serve as early seral nurse crops.
Publisher: The North Carolina Botanical Garden, Chapel Hill, NC, October 1-3, 2002. Omnipress, Madison, WI
Editor(s): J. Randall