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The Center for Native Grasslands Management

Title: A method of establishing native warm-season grass mixtures and loblolly pine
Year: 2002
Author(s): Hall, M. D.
Source Title: Proceedings of the Third Eastern Native Grass Symposium
Source Type: Proceedings
pages: 295
Original Publication:  
Abstract: In pre-colonial times, the mixed pine and hardwood forests of the South were sufficiently open to permit the growth of grasses and provide grazing in forests. Specialization of silviculture and agriculture has greatly decreased the use of grazing in forests. An increasing interest in agroforestry, wildlife habitat development, and additional grazing resources led to the investigation of establishment technique for native grasses and trees together. A successful trial of broadcasting seeds on a mechanically prepared site led to a large-scale trial on a 15-acre plot that was to be prepared for pine tree establishment using a three-pass method. Immediately following discing, a mixture of Kaw big bluestem, Cheyenne indiangrass, and Alamo switchgrass was broadcast at a rate of 18 lbs per acre. Loblolly pine was hand planted the following winter at a 6 ft by 10 ft spacing (726 trees per acre). The stand has been visually monitored since planting. Plant populations were satisfactory when evaluating them for wildlife habitat and grazing forage. There have been no adverse effects to the pines due to the introduction of the grasses or the grazing. Frequency sampling of vegetation indicated significant more native warm season grasses in the treated area than the untreated area.
Publisher: The North Carolina Botanical Garden, Chapel Hill, NC, October 1-3, 2002. Omnipress, Madison, WI
Editor(s): J. Randall