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The Center for Native Grasslands Management

Title: Native cool-season grass evaluation for the Northeast
Year: 2002
Author(s): Englert, J., Kujawski, J., Skaradek, W., van der Grinten, M., Salon, P.
Source Title: Proceedings of the Third Eastern Native Grass Symposium
Source Type: Proceedings
pages: 301
Original Publication:  
Abstract: Native cool season grass development has received little attention in the past. This changed with the passage of the 1996 Farm Bill Program and a growing desire by agencies and resource managers to have native cool season grasses available for conservation plantings. There are virtually no commercially grown cultivars or tested selections available for the Northeast. The plant materials program of the USDA, NRCS initiated a study in 1998 to collect, evaluate, select, and release native cool season grasses with known origin to be commercially produced seed available for use in the Northeast. The three plant materials centers in the Northeast (the National PMC in Maryland, the Cape May PMC in New Jersey, and the big flats PMC in New York) are interested in the following grasses: Canada brome, Canada bluejoint, stout woodreed, dropping woodreed, poverty oatgrass, crinkled hairgrass, Canada wildrye, hairy wildrye, Virginia wildrye, red fescue, little barley, bottlebrush grass and junegrass. Field collections of these species were made in 1999 and 2000 and are currently being evaluated at each PMC. At the conclusion of the evaluation process, plants will be released as cultivars or tested/selected source-identified releases. With those new plant releases in the near future, resource managers will have the opportunity to incorporate native cool season grasses in their conservation seedings. For more information on conservation plantings see our website at
Publisher: The North Carolina Botanical Garden, Chapel Hill, NC, October 1-3, 2002. Omnipress, Madison, WI
Editor(s): J. Randall