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The Center for Native Grasslands Management

Title: Importance of habitat diversity in bobwhite management
Year: 1979
Author(s): McRae, W. A., Landers, J. L., Buckner, J. L., Simpson, R. C.
Source Title: Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Conference Southeastern Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies
Source Type: Proceedings
pages: 127-135
Original Publication:  
Abstract: Seasonal usage by bobwhite of plant foods affected by prescribed fire management was investigated in southwestern Georgia and northern Florida. The early spring diet changed quickly from greenery to grass seeds (particularly Panicum spp.) while fruits from woody plants predominated in summer. The fall-winter diet was dependent on rainfall during flowering and fruiting periods of forbs and on consumption of legumes and oak mast; acorns apparently were preferred when both were available. Habitats comprised of (1) annually-burned grass-forb areas for seed production, (2) infrequently-burned rough for fruit supplies, nesting and escape cover, and (3) hardwood coverts for mast production provide season requirements and help buffer the effects of drought on food supplies.
Editor(s): R. W. Dimmick