||This chapter discusses long-term research conducted at Konza Prairie Research Natural Area in the Flint Hills of Kansas. At Konza, various burn regimes have been applied at the watershed scale including annual burns, every 4 years, and longer return intervals. Bison have concurrently grazed the sites since 1991. Bird surveys have been conducted since 1981. A table is presented describing the birds present with upland sandpiper, mourning dove, common yellowthroat, grasshopper sparrow and others being present nearly 100% of the years. The response of particular species to fire and grazing is also discussed. The conundrum of maintaining habitat and mitigating negative impacts of recent fire/grazing is discussed.