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The Center for Native Grasslands Management

Title: Fuel ethanol from cellulosic biomass
Year: 1991
Author(s): Lynd, L. R., Cushman, J. H., Nichols, R. J., Wyman, C. E.
Source Title: Science
Source Type: Journal
pages: 1318-1323
Original Publication: http://  
Abstract: Ethanol produced from cellulosic biomass is examined as a large-scale transportation fuel. Desirable features include ethanol’s fuel properties as well as benefits with respect to urban air quality, global climate change, balance of trade, and energy security. Energy balance, feed-stock supply, and environmental impact considerations are not seen as significant barriers to the widespread use of fuel ethanol derived from cellulosic biomass. Conversion economics is the key obstacle to be overcome. In light of past progress and future prospects for research-driven improvements, a cost-competitive process appears possible in a decade.